Situated on a rocky peninsula on the Black Sea, the more than 3,000-year-old site of Nessebar was originally a Thracian settlement (Menebria). At the beginning of the 6th century BC, the city became a Greek colony. The city’s remains, which date mostly from the Hellenistic period, include the acropolis, a temple of Apollo, an agora and a wall from the Thracian fortifications. Among other monuments, the Stara Mitropolia Basilica and the fortress date from the Middle Ages, when this was one of the most important Byzantine towns on the west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea architecture of the period. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/217)
In 72 BC town was captured without any resistance by the Roman armies. After a short occupation, it became part of the Roman Empire in early 1st century AD. Messemvria as it was called at the time, with its fortress walls and large public buildings preserved intact, continued to mint its own bronze coins and remained an important commercial and cultural center along the Black Sea coast of Roman Thrace.
The town first became part of the Bulgarian state in 812, when Khan Kroum stormed and conquered it, and Slavs and the Bulgarians settled here. Nessebar as Slavs called it remained in Bulgarian hands for a longer period of time during the reign of Tsar Simeon The Great.
After almost 40 years of Byzantine domination, Nessebar was again incorporated into the Bulgarian state in 1304 by Tsar Todor Svetoslav. The town underwent a great boom during the reign of Tsar Ivan Alexander.
In 1366 the town was captured by the knights of Count Amedeo di Savoya, and later ceded to the Byzantine emperor. The town was first invaded by the Ottoman Turks in 1396. It finally became a part of the Ottoman Empire together with the capital Constantinopol in 1453.
Over the centuries of Ottoman domination, the economic and cultural life did not cease. Churches were built and decorated, icons painted.
The port of Nessebar continued to be a major import and export center on the Black Sea coast. Some of the Nessebar monasteries and scriptoria were active until 18th – 19th century. Many houses from Bulgarian Renaissance period are preserved in Nessebar – typical examples of the Black Sea architecture, some of the many windmills, which worked in the town, public baths and fountains.
The cultural heritage of the ancient town is presented in four museum expositions (http://www.visitnessebar.org)
If one needs to escape from the busy daily routine and dynamics of the big city, Nessebar is an excellent choice for recreation. This is the small corner, where silence is a delight, and beauty is everywhere. Quiet bays and sea waves, which lazily spill foam on the warm sand – an irresistible experience, which can be yours. Not only the weather is sunny, sunny are also the smiles of local people welcoming their guests. To a great extent, Ravda owes its progress to its people – always hospitable, beaming and enterprising.
Accommodation is mostly in family hotels, guesthouses, private lodgings and bungalows. Buildings are mostly in a contemporary architectural style, with modern design. Furnishing and equipment meets the expectations of even the most demanding tourists. You will also receive the highest standard of service – the friendly hosts will look after your comfort at all times. In the last two or three years, several luxury high-class hotels were also built, some of them part of prestigious international chains.
There are many times to while away your time in Nessebar. Small restaurants, mehanas, tavernas, bistros, cafes and cocktail bars abound. It is not easy to choose.(http://www.bucharestprivatetransfers.com)